The more important local authorities throughout the country have made regulations under the powers conferred upon them by the Petroleum Acts, with the object of regulating the " keeping, sale, conveyance and hawking " of petroleum products having a flash-point below 73° F., and the Port of London authority, together with other water-way and harbour authorities in the United Kingdom, have their own by-laws relating to the navigation of vessels carrying such petroleum. In 1841 he published The Seaman's Friend, republished in England as The Seaman's Manual, which was long the highest authority on the legal rights and duties of seamen. Gilbert himself absolutely disregarded authority, and accepted nothing at second-hand. The assertion in the " Declaration of Rights " that " no power exists in the people of this or any other state of the Federal Union to dissolve their connexion therewith or perform any act tending to impair, subvert, or resist the supreme authority of the government of the United States," is a result of the drafting of the instrument during the Civil War. Originally it seems to have denoted the coast district between the Oder and the Vistula, a territory which was at first more or less dependent on Poland, but which, towards the end of the 12th century, was ruled by two native princes, who took the title of duke about 1170 and admitted the authority of the German king in 1181. Recent Examples on the Web Adapted from the book of the same name by Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me explores a wide swath of the Black experience in America, from police violence and other forms of oppression to the ways in which Black identity celebrates joy. Now he was exerting his authority in another way. The "persecution" had meanwhile produced its natural result: the use of the forbidden vestments rapidly spread; and since there was no central authority left competent to command obedience, every incumbent - intrenched in his freehold as a "corporation sole" - became a law unto himself. Instead of a wellorganized army of the modern type there was merely an undisciplined militia composed almost exclusively of irregular cavalry; and the national defences as a whole were so weak that, in the opinion of such a competent authority as Maurice of Saxony, the country might easily be conquered by a regular army of 48,000 men. On the revival of the Western Empire, however, Charlemagne, in the beginning of the 9th century, under the mistaken belief that he was following the authority of Constantine I. Theodosius began the system of giving secular authority to Church tribunals. In ecclesiastical law, the contempt of the authority of an ecclesiastical court is dealt with by the issue of a writ de contumace capiendo from the court of chancery at the instance of the judge of the ecclesiastical court; this writ took the place of that de excommunicato capiendo in 1813, by an act of George III. His De Conciliorum Auctoritate was welcomed at Rome as exalting the papal authority. Usually, when a lawyer finds such authority, he is under an ethical obligation to reveal it to the court, but it is done in such a way (for example, arguing that the decision in a previous case should be narrowly construed or was wrongly decided) as to minimize the authority’s effect upon his client’s case. One editor of his De Consolatione, Bertius, thinks that he bore the praenomen of Flavius, but there is no authority for this supposition. The Austrian bishops, however, maintain their tribunals for spiritual purposes, and insist that such things as divorced vinculo must be granted by their authority (Aichner, Compendium juris ecclesiastici, pp. Hence the term is applied to states in which the supreme authority is vested in a single person, the monarch, who in his own right is the permanent head of the state. As for Gramont, he had "no conception of the exigencies of this regime; he remained an ambassador accustomed to obey the orders of his sovereign; in all good faith he had no idea that this was not correct, and that, himself a parliamentary minister, he had associated himself with an act destructive of the authority of parliament.". Its teaching as to the name of God, which claimed to be based on the authority of such eminent saints as St. She would favour them, but on the distinct condition that nothing was to be done to weaken the bonds of authority. The American railways do not have to face this situation; but, after a long term of years, when they were allowed to do much as they pleased, they have now been brought sharply to book by almost every form of constituted authority to be found in the states, and they are suffering from increased taxation, from direct service requirements, and from a general tendency on the part of regulating authorities to reduce rates and to make it impossible to increase them. As to cultivation of the plant in Europe, according to Strabo the Romans obtained the papyrus plant from Lake Trasimene and other lakes of Etruria, but this statement is unsupported by any other ancient authority. It laid stress, not on external authority, as did the Jewish law, but on individual experience and inward meditation. That model is anti-democratic capitalism accompanied by heavy moralizing. The same authority tells us that he was initiated by his father in those field sports, such as hunting and hawking, which formed one of his recreations in after life. upon the duty incumbent upon all thinkers to investigate for themselves rather than to accept the authority of others. What does moral authority mean? Authority: a person with a high level of knowledge or skill in a field. Edward hoped still to conciliate the nobles and gain Scotland by a policy of clemency to all who did not dispute his authority. Authority that is detrimental to a party’s argument or position regarding a question or an issue. A noted authority on birds; a reference book often cited as an authority. It was, for the time, determined that the archbishop might himself, in virtue of his legatine authority, entertain complaints from other dioceses in first instance, but that this legatine jurisdiction was not included in the ordinary jurisdiction of his official principal, even if the archbishop had so willed it in his commission. The maps issued by this authority include one of southern Sweden, 1:100,000, another of northern Sweden, 1:200,000, and a general map on a scale of 1:1,000,000. Every petty Italian prince, from the pope downwards, created them for love or money; and, in the absence of any regulating authority, the title was also widely and loosely assumed, while often the feudal title passed with the sale of the estate to which it was attached. The Jesuits from the first moment of their landing in Brazil had constituted themselves the protectors of the natives, and though strenuously opposed by the colonists and ordinary clergy, had gathered the Indians together in many aldeas, over which officials of their order exercised spiritual and temporal authority. Vitellius (the father of the emperor) to restore the Roman authority in the East. ", that the local authority, before granting a licence, " shall take into consideration whether, in the neighbourhood, the reasonable requirements of the public are satisfied with regard to the purchase of poisonous substances, and also any objections they may receive from the chief officer of police, or from any existing vendors of the substances to which the application relates.". No distinction is drawn, indeed, between what is reached by reason and what is given by authority; the two are immediately identical for Erigena. 2. However, it is evident from the letters of appanage, dated April 1771, in favour of the count of Provence, how many functions of public authority an appanaged person still held. In this respect international arbitration differs from civil arbitration, since a private arbitrator cannot delegate his office without express authority. 3 people chose this as the best definition of rebel: To feel or express strong... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Authority that is not binding on a court but still merits consideration. Ã†thelflaed and her husband wielded almost kingly authority, and the royal title is often given them by the chroniclers. No Protestant, of course, can agree with Roman Catholic theology that (supernatural) faith is an obedient assent to church authority and the mysteries it dictates. The new Catholicism was promulgated by authority and accepted with deference. In virtue of this judgment of the supreme legal authority, and with the aid of the fleet, Abd-ul-Aziz was deposed, being shortly afterwards found dead, apparently by his own hand. Authority definition, the power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine. Fallacies are arguments that seem at the surface level to make sense, but are not actually based on logic. Though the territorial authority of the papal see was practically abolished in 1870, the fact that Rome is the seat of the administrative centre of the vast organization of the church is not without significance to the nation. Next year (92) he went as propraetor of Cilicia with special authority from the senate to make Mithradates VI. In order to obey authority, the obeying person has to accept that it is legitimate (i.e. The bottom line of business in a free enterprise system is money. in government, having the power or right to enforce orders, laws, etc. Though Yahsha Bey, grandson of Mahommed Karaman Oghlu, had declared himself the successor of the Seljukian sultans, the princes of Aidin, Sarukhan, Menteshe, Kermian, Hamid, Tekke and Karassi declined to recognize his authority, and considered themselves independent, each in his own dominions. It is usually stated, on the authority of Ephorus, that Pheidon of Argos established a mint in Aegina. Thomas Coke (1747-1814) and Francis Asbury superintendents or "bishops" of the church in the United States. The classification in question was drawn up by an international committee of eminent mathematicians, and thus has the highest authority. Wealth, popularity and power tend to dethrone the authority of reason and to pervert the soul from the natural to the artificial. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The right or power to command, govern, or enforce obedience. The book of Kings gives the standpoint of a later Judaean writer, but Josiah's authority over a much larger area than Judah alone is suggested by xxiii. It may be pointed out, however, that the story which represents him as boasting of his ability to make a better world than this is of late authority. The grand khan was the lord paramount or suzerain of the Russian princes, and he had the force required for making his authority respected. Mysticism is often the expression of a revolt against authority, but in Luria's case mysticism was not divorced from respect for tradition. It is said to be a fallacy because the authority argument starts from the beliefs of an authority, and such authority can sometimes bear false or false beliefs (Cline, 2015). People that dictate the rules make decisions for others with much authority. 47 sentence examples: 1. The O'Neills of Ulster: Their History and Genealogy, by Thomas Mathews (3 vols., Dublin, 1907), an ill-arranged and uncritical work, has little historical value, but contains a mass of traditional and legendary lore, and a number of translations of ancient poems, and genealogical tables of doubtful authority. A conference of Catholic savants, held in 1863 under the presidency of Dellinger, decided that authority must be supreme in the Church. But here as elsewhere the senate asserted its authority over the magistrates, and the view was finally held that the senate should not only suggest the need of nomination but also the name of the nominee. p. 300, the only authority; and Cranmer himself only knew of it a fortnight of ter. The alake exercises little authority apart from his council, the form of government being largely democratic. He supported John with all the weight of papal authority. 4 a (1) : a citation (as from a book or file) used in defense or support. 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