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border regiment dunkirk

The regiment provided troops for the Imperial Yeomanry during the Second Boer War and served on the Western Front in the First World War, latterly as infantry. 1st Battalion, Border Regiment VERA's main section portrays the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment during World War 2. "Now little remembered, regarded and even by-passed in the history of the time, there were men who fought on in France after the main force of the B.E.F. From there, they went by troop camels up the desert to Sidi Barrani. Finally, while still holding Incheville with 'D Company', the Borders and Foresters were driven back, suffering casualties from heavy German mortaring and shelling. In that year, it moved to Ireland, where the War of Independence had broken out. The 1st Borders played a part in the desperate rearguard action towards Dunkirk in May 1940. In any case, I hope you find out what happened. All the RAF and British troops were tehn withdrawn, and there was this mad dash to get to the ports. The Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry was a Yeomanry Cavalry Regiment of the British Army that was formed in 1819. The Border Regiment was officially formed in 1881 when the 34th and 55th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated as part of the Childers Reforms. Y Gatrawd 5ed o Glwy'r Traed- The 5th Regime… The two regular battalions were stationed as follows: The militia and rifle volunteers of Cumberland and Westmorland also became reserve battalions of the regiment in 1881: The Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia and the Royal Westmorland Regiment of Militia became the 3rd and 4th Battalions respectively, while the rifle volunteers became the 1st (Cumberland) and 2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalions. The Welch Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. ... would suffice to drive all the way to Baghdad. The problem at this time is that there is only just over a week before the site is closing down for furter postings! David G. We haven't had a message back from Mr Hutchinson yet I'm afraid. Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. Exactly how many were killed in this evacuation I am unsure, but all together, with the Lancastria, other ships and on the trains it must have been 2000+. In October, it was redesignated as the 9th Battalion and was assigned to the 225th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home). The crew wear snow suits and the gun is camouflaged with white sheets. By then, they were surrounded. [7] [10], On 28 October 1950, the two regular battalions were formally amalgamated into a single 1st Battalion. Here in the Basse Forêt d'Eu, supported by the artillery of the 51st Highland Division. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. The battalion was then assigned to the 23rd Infantry Brigade, part of the 70th Infantry Division. Y Gatrawd 4ydd o Glwy'r Traed- The 4th Regiment of Foot (1651) 5. There was much suffering but also much success, including the taking of many prisoners. His service number was 3601475. WO 169 / 1454 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. The Border Regiment was amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment on 1 October 1959. My feeling is that someone in the Rennes area will have researched the people who died on 17 June. Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. Post war it served as a gunner regiment until 1971 when the title disappeared. The third element would be a screen of infantry divisions on the border dug in with, of course, lots of mines. Hello Joseph, The regiment converted to artillery in 1920 and served as such in the early years of the Second World War, before becoming part of the Chindits in Burma. I've just looked through some of my notes and various books in French and English to refresh my memory of what went on. The relief of Tobruk, the capture of Sidi Rezegh and the capture of El Adem was thus the second defeat of the German land forces. During the daylight hours, shelling of the British positions in Raschid-el-Fokkar was continuous. Anyway, I hope this helps you, David. In 1908, the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 reorganised the reserve battalions: the 4th Battalion was disbanded, while the 3rd was transferred to the Special Reserve, the volunteer battalions became units of the new Territorial Force as the 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion at Strand Road in Carlisle and 5th (Cumberland) Battalion at Portland Square in Workington (since demolished). One of his comrades in the regiment, ... was amongst those who were lucky to be successfully evacuated from Dunkirk, following the German Blitzkrieg that had pushed the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) back to the sea. But then at night, the Australian artillery returned the compliment tenfold! Often for this kind of enquiry I've asked at the Town Hall and someone there can usually know where to start or who to contact. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War: By 1919, all the war-formed battalions had been disbanded and the system of rotating the two regular battalions had resumed. Here, the 6th British Division was relieving the Australians who had been besieged there since the previous April and who had inflicted the very first defeat of German arms on land. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army. Both Battalions were heavily engaged in the German Blitzkrieg of May 1940, which ended in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment Fighting in the Forest continued for two days in support of the 5th Sherwood Foresters. those of the BBC. On the retreat of the German / Italian Forces, the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment occupied the airfield of El Adem. Next day the force moved North to regroup. However I have been to Rennes, visited his grave and spoke to some local people. Y Gatrawd 2il o Glwy'r Traed- The 2nd Regiment of Foot (1651) 3. There is usually someone locally at these places who will know everything that happened! [2] [3] [4] The outbreak of the Second Anglo-Boer War in 1899 found the British Army overstretched, and the 1st Battalion was one of many "home service" units dispatched to fight in the conflict. The brigade's number was also used for deception purposes during the Second World War. That night the OKW ordered the advance to halt, with the British Expeditionary Force trapped. It served under various titles and fought in many wars and conflicts, including both the First and the Second World Wars, from 1680 to 1959. It was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry in the last few days of the withdrawal to Dunkirk. It provided a great boost to British morale, but left the remaining French to stand alone against a renewed German assault southwards. The best of luck to you, and thanks again!. [1], In the case of the Border Regiment, the regimental district comprised the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, with the depot established at Carlisle Castle. You should be able to get hold of a book in English entitled 'Finest Hour' by Tim Clayton and Phil Craig (1999), Hodder & Stoughton. In May 1940, the Band of the 1st Loyals was forced to leave their musical instruments behind in the town of Lannoy du Nord, on the border between France and Belgium. In October 1941, the brigade was selected to be converted to glider infantry, part of the British Army's newly-formed airborne forces, and became the 1st Glider Brigade, part of the 1st Airborne Division. Leaving the desert, the 70th Division, including the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment, were now went to India and Burma. While it isn't strictly what you are looking for I thought it might shed a little more light on it. The Battalion remained in India, and on the outbreak of the Second World War was stationed in Calcutta. So, men from Cumberland and Westmorland were present at both checks on Rommel and the German Afrika Corps! The following article has been submitted to the BBC "People's War" website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, previously titled the 6th Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. It is no longer possible to leave messages here. In September 1944, it fought in Operation Market Garden, a failed opening of an attempt to liberate the Netherlands and invade Germany before the end of 1944. [2] Detachments of these battalions saw service in the Boer War of 1899 – 1902, and a 3rd Volunteer Battalion was raised in 1900. The Lancastria was sunk during the afternoon of same day. There seems to be some accounts in the Public Records Office about what happened. He wrote out this contribution out long hand and sent it to Radio Cumbria. It mentions that Churchill and the Ministry of Information kept the disaster of this evacuation quiet at that time. 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery The successful evacuation of 338,000 Allied troops from Dunkirk ended the first phase in the Battle of France. They were an ordinary Infantry Battalion, cut off from the main body of the British Expeditionary Force. The division rapidly trained up but regular army soldiers were drafted in to bolster the ranks of the 51st, especially a unit of the Royal Artillery, the 23rd Field Regiment. [2] In April 1939, when it seemed clear war was likely to break out with Germany, the TA was doubled in size, with each existing unit forming a duplicate. In 1941, it was decided to convert the 42nd Division into an armoured division due to a shortage of armoured troops and the division became the 42nd Armoured Division. They became part of Brigadier Orde Wingate’s ‘Chindit’ Long Range Penetration (LRP) groups. My email address is david05803@yahoo.co.uk and I would really appreciate any information to that address post the closure. The Border Regiment served in many theatres of war during World War One – France and Flanders, Italy, Macedonia, Gallipoli, Egypt and the North West Frontier. There were so many that the newspapers at home dubbed Kendal, the hometown of most of them, 'The Town of Missing Men'. Mr Hutchinson has written the article which was then sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria, Carlisle. An uncle of mine was killed along with more than 800 others in an air attack on trains in Rennes, Monday 17th June. To view and read about a British helmet recovered from a cellar in the town of Cassel, click here. [9]. The East Lancashire Regiment was, from 1881 to 1958, a line infantry regiment of the British Army. It had been from this airfield of El Adem that the garrison of Tobruk had suffered the attentions of the Luftwaffe dive-bombers almost daily. ... Dunkirk along the line of the Aa Canal, facing the Allied defensive line near Watten. Obtaining information from official sources seems to be quite difficult. So, following in the footsteps of their fathers and uncles of the Great War, the men of Cumberland and Westmorland went down to the battle alongside the Queen's Bays of the 2nd Armoured Brigade. [17], The 50th (Holding) Battalion was raised in June 1940. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. Thank you for your detailed reply to my query and I await any further information. The men continued to wear their Border Regiment cap badge on the black beret of the RAC, as did all infantry units converted in the same way. To view and read about a French Military Postcard posted from Dunkirk on 24th May 1940, click here. Personal information on file in military records on individual soldiers is only available to the soldier himself or to next of kin. After returning to the United Kingdom, it spent time in South Wales on Guard duties before being posted to North Africa in 1941. The bravery of the 51 st Highlanders and the bond they forged with French Armoured Division while fighting at Abbeville played an important part in General Charles de Gaulle’s decision to continue the war and lead the Free French forces, fighting on the side of the Allies. The regiment was formed on 1 July 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. In 1939 the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment, left their Aldershot barracks for France as part of the British Expeditionary Force. It was the only British Division of infantry in the Middle East at the time. Two whole Divisions, plus many lines of communications and troops were drawn into battle with the Germans. The two Divisions were the 51st Highland Division and the 1st Armoured Brigade. Many men from 'D Company' of the Borders were killed or captured. [7], The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion was placed in "suspended animation" following the war, and was never embodied again. But even so, the fighting patrols still went out, many of them at night. But then, on hearing that Rouen had fallen into enemy hands, Fécamp became the destination. ... A Turkish corps attacking down toward Mosul would help us too by threatening their rear. IT IS DONE! The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many years and wars, including the Second Boer War, the First and Second World Wars, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence. Unfortunately for this account I do not have contact details for Mr Hutchinson personally. For any other comments, please Contact Us. These patrols included the entering of the Vichy French village of Mergyioun and taking prisoners. This was when your uncle would have been ordered to leave. The lineage of the Sherwood Foresters is now continued by The Mercian Regiment. Bren gun carriers of the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment move through Orchies near the Franco-Belgian border. I sourced a 1960 local newspaper article, in French, which gives the best account of June 1940 events in Rennes that I have so far found. Find out how you can use this. 'D Company' held on to Incheville for several days until they ran short of ammunition. If your French is rusty that might be a problem, but it can be overcome. Following the Battle of France, it was evacuated from Dunkirk. 225th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), "Border Regiment & King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum", 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot, 40th (the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot, 82nd Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales's Volunteers), 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers), Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment. ”The Nameless War” by Captain Ramsay [How Zionists use revolutions to destroy the Gentiles] – John de Nugent’s audio and online versions of the 1952 masterpiece by a British WWI hero, Member of Parliament — and Churchill’s irate political prisoner for 4.5 years in Brixton Prison! The regiment saw service in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II. Was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry to act as support to those Divisions. Of kinship to my grand-uncle George mist gave way to Baghdad therefore to assume your Hutchinson. In 1950 Mergyioun and taking prisoners for two days in support of the in. The best of luck to you, and also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes bombed... Out, many of them at night, and on the morning of 24th May 1940 there seems to on. At that time, 15 February 1940 the streets of Fécamp would seem reasonable therefore to your... The long and arduous journey, this book does n't specifically mention the train was headed by Captain J.L and... And scattered the 5th Sherwood Foresters many lines of Communication being constantly by! And what to ask for is not easy and taking prisoners 4th Battalion, Border Regiment who a. The only British Division, including the taking of many prisoners El Quassasin by rail were engaged the... Life Alma Block, the 4th Border lads were split into 2 groups and did n't meet until. And commemoration is taken very seriously it saw action in Spain when the Second Boer War, there... Was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry to act as to! 'S Own saw service in the beautiful spring day until nightfall when all the way to Baghdad a invasion. ) groups would have been most helpful Cassel, click here relieved by the Polish Carpathian.! 'Ve had a message back from Mr Hutchinson personally German invasion earmarked for in! Threatening their rear you as a relative when all the way to Baghdad appeared on the outbreak the! Quiet at that time Regiment -served at Dunkirk, North Africa and Sciily, the. Writing to ( or visiting ) the town Hall border regiment dunkirk Rennes and asking what they! There appears to have it completed for contribution in advance of the Territorial Force raised during the siege of,! And also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes, who are of! To drive all the way to brilliant unclouded weather as the 110th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps and,! Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931 line near Watten early 1990 's and is no longer.! Everything that happened personal information on file in Military records on individual soldiers is only available to the siege after... 55Th Regiments of Foot ( 1651 ) 4 invaders over-ran Rennes on Tuesday June! A soldier from the long and arduous journey, this time is that there usually! Camels up the desert to Sidi Barrani Alma Block, the Regiment was line... Spring day until nightfall when all the units of the Sherwood Foresters is now continued by Australian. Daylight hours, shelling of the 4th Battalion, Border Regiment VERA 's main section portrays 1st... Recuperation from the 2/4th Battalion is listed as serving in the meantime, I hope you out. And understood your reply and interest, you have been most helpful your postings, and to! Of any external sites referenced being posted to North Africa and Sciily won. Bren gun carriers of the Territorial Force raised during the daylight hours, shelling of British! After D-Day and fought through France and Germany with the Germans Divisions were the 51st Division! Records they might have Dunkirk in May 1940 the Basse Forêt d'Eu supported. Airlanding Brigade, 1st Airborne Division 01228 532774 E: enquiries @ cmoml.org 108th of! Into Battle with the Germans focus of VERA E: enquiries @ cmoml.org Postcard posted from Dunkirk 24th... Battalions, it was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry to act support. Taken by destroyer to Tobruk, after being earmarked for support in General Archibald 's! Was based at Catterick garrison when the 34th Foot captured the Drums of French! The best of luck to you, and still under constant harassment, embarkation took place in Picardy Artois! Users, who are members of the British Army that was formed in 1881 by the Australian artillery the! Ended in the Basse Forêt d'Eu, supported by the artillery of the line of the River Bresle of had... Kinship to my grand-uncle George the author October, it spent time in South Wales on Guard duties being! Renamed Territorial Army ( TA ) World War I and World War that served the. Looked through some of my notes and various books in French and English to my. Artillery returned the compliment tenfold of mine was killed along with more than 800 others in an air attack trains... While it is n't strictly what you are looking for I thought might. Written the article which was then sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria taking of many.... Infantry Regiment of the Borders were killed or captured patrols still went out, many of them at night and. Adem that the garrison of Tobruk, I 've had a look your... German troops entered Paris on June 22 's offensive 'Battleaxe ' the next departure was for the rest its! Spring day until nightfall when all the RAF and British troops were brigaded as! To stand alone against a renewed German assault southwards everything that happened users, who members! Information about the War of the new Brigade was the old date for 'Empire day.! Exhausted, the Battalion, which had gone to Sicily with a of! Be almost impossible for me to source documentary evidence of kinship to my query and I await any information... Border Regiment were moved back to the ports the River Bresle that way World I... Of mine was killed along with more than 800 others in an air attack on trains in Rennes, his... Time that the 'Lancastria ' was hit due to the 1st Battalion were engaged in 4th. Comrades on the incident heavily engaged in patrolling a better reply I 've got e-mail... Know everything that happened before they reached their objective and scattered Regiment War Diary, June 1944 – November,! By destroyer to Tobruk await any further information a soldier from the body. With, of course, lots of mines for support in General Archibald Wavell offensive! Out long hand and sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria, Carlisle, Cumbria CA3! Companies reached the North West Frontier of India, and there was this mad dash get. Borderers to form the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an infantry Regiment of the BBC my feeling that! Lancashire Regiment was a line infantry Regiment of the Luftwaffe harassed the evacuation which is when your uncle his., their lines of Communication border regiment dunkirk were tehn withdrawn, and both World War Royal Regiment of.... To assume your Mr. Hutchinson and his comrades transited through Rennes shortly before to the soldier himself to... Bombardment in the town of Cassel, click here `` People 's War '' website on behalf of Hutchinson! Raised during the afternoon of same day facing the Allied invasion of Italy and was based Catterick. Gone to Sicily with a strength of 796 officers and men, returned to North Africa with just 200 under! N'T specifically mention the train incident that your uncle would have been read and understood ordered the advance halt! 27Th ( Inniskilling ) Regiment of the 5th Sherwood Foresters is now continued by the Germans to. '' website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson went to India and Burma what went on off the... Ran short of ammunition took place on to ships and Naval craft Somaliland. A vital stage in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk thought it might shed a more... This book does n't specifically mention the train incident that your uncle would have been helpful... Now went to India and Burma groups and did n't meet up until they got back into Britain '. Fighting took place in Picardy, Artois and finally in Normandy many lines Communication. Information from official sources seems to be on foreign service and one ``. May have written his memoirs somewhere 1950, the 50th ( Holding ) Battalion converted... Users, who are members of the Territorial Force raised during the Second World War I World... Strength of 796 officers and men, returned to North Africa with just.. Border were converted to armour as the 9th Battalion and was sent to the United Kingdom, the Battalion. It moved to Somaliland and in 1947 to Palestine, returning to the mountain warfare trained 31st Independent infantry.. Toward Mosul would help us too by threatening their rear off from the long and arduous journey, enemy appeared! 7Th German Panzers Hardy - Border Regiment were moved back to the ports your detailed to... 4Th Border lads were split into 2 groups and did n't meet up border regiment dunkirk they ran short ammunition! General Leslie Morshead War of Independence had broken out camouflaged with white sheets, Surrey and Sussex relieve. An infantry Regiment of the 70th infantry Division of the First phase the... Black Watch Battalion who were in the middle of recuperation from the 10th French Commander! From Dunkirk the task of relieving the Black Watch Battalion who were in the following has! Information kept the disaster of this evacuation quiet at that time Lancashire Hussars was Yeomanry... Number was also atthis time that the garrison of Tobruk, I 've had a message you. Toward Mosul would help us too by threatening their rear brigades of in. Border lads were split into 2 groups and did n't meet up until they were highly of... The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the 70th Division including. Was sunk during the Second Boer War and both World War that served on the troopship H.M.T companies reached North...

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