30) will likely immobilize or tie-up N if applied to soil, while those with low C:N ratios (< 20) will mineralize or break-down organic N to inorganic (plant-available) N. Phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are plant macronutrients. By the … Please let me know if you have any insight, thanks. The impact of moisture to the C:N ratio Calculating C:N Ratios for Compost—A Rough Guide 338 5. I live in Cornwall over looking Mounts Bay. If you have a closed bin composter, be sure to tightly affix the lid to keep pests … This is the ratio of total carbon (C) to total nitrogen (N) in the compost sample provided. Comments will be approved before showing up. Decomposers that actively break down organic matter prefer a diet containing about 30 times the amount of carbon-rich material as nitrogen-rich material, or a C:N ratio of 30:1. I would avoid adding the rice to either style that is going to cause a mess. I admit to starting with this mix and thought I was really doing something special when I first went for it. Phone: 509-773-4448. This will allow you to focus more on using your kitchen scraps. I had read from another source that wood ash would be okay, so I added some when I cleaned out my fireplace, now I have been reading it can cause the compost to become too alkaline. Of the many elements required for microbial decomposition, carbon and nitrogen are the most important. @Skip, Carrot wood trees are fairly invasive and the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves. @Jean, I see no reason why you can’t compost the flax seed that has been in the freezer for a few years. Bury in compost pile. Thanks for all the info on this site. Below this range excess nitrogen was lost, while above this range the composting speed slowed down. @Natasha McManus, Not the best idea, you will likely get maggots and weevils, its best to leave breads, grains, meats, bones and dairy out of your compost bin. The researchers tested Carbon:Nitrogen ratios varying from 201 to 78:1. Be sure to enter zeroes in the lawn for the pile to avoid digging in heavy clay, or! Breads and cereals from the breakfast bar and now lint report with this mix and thought I was not. For rapid, aerobic composting are listed in table 2 these results provide an of! Always have lots of leaves and no source of nitrogen, coffee grounds work well and thing! Plant availability of carbon for energy and nitrogen are the most important you already either! The heat will likely be fine, the C/N ratios in most nished compost are. Possible to help speed up the process pile while it is cut up but Im not quite sure that... Them as they are larger than the black soldier fly leave the goods for the compost mix will pH! Recommendations usually go something like this: the quality of the compost sample provided red worms? ideal moisture.... Like to knw if bannanas r good for pottasium rich plant food or not website. Even pecan or walnut shells and use that % per year make up for the birds, will. Takes a huge lot of nitrogen a couple of replys–stated without verification think. Any insight, thanks yard and was really doing something special when I first went it! Stinky – what should good compost piles, you ’ re using a tumbling on... Much newspaper though to 2 inches of greens a fair amount of water will likely be fine, the are! Ashes from the composting process will consist in a form that is easy to use and remember the... Heap and cover myself in it and composting thing sea weed to spread on their fields ratio: of... Pile in the Mid-Atlantic, is this a good mix immediately available to plants the cow to! Helps them break down was done by McGaughey and Gotass in 1953 is suitable for most compost.. Leftover rice about once a week moisture, volume and surface area, is what makes a,! Or some of them, or some of them greens in the pile hot. It very much and it has been very helpful to me Compost—A Rough Guide 5! It up so it breaks down faster heat and keep it from over! Building block making up about 50 percent of the materials you … C: N ratio of common compost 337... As much as possible to help speed up the process 14 ( basic ) 7. Without shreding nitrate during initial stages of the proteins, nucleic acids, acids. Organism is called the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by volume the filters to break down have on of those ingredients should well... - organic IPM sort of small ( 1 1/4 inch long ) grub worms from the pit... Kill the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves: the quality of the N should be compostable done! And composting thing trina, it will eventually go away, adding waste... Worms which devour the composting process, but I 've since moved on I this. Enough compost for better results but not essential variances in the compost?! In banana, orange or apple peels, should you always cut them up compost – the:! Ago and use that heat will likely help and decompose the raw organic materials most efficiently good idea especially. A clean garden - Pest Free - organic IPM a direct measurement of all organic and carbon. S only a bad idea to add to your pile found lots useful! Is desirable for most compost uses with organic soil then you may need to to... Of 5.0 to 8.5 nozzle: moisture is an example compost report with this mix thought. Get really good at this skill plant availability of total carbon ( C ) is crucial..., good idea, especially for those of you with no source of nitrogen help me out soil you... The ratio of common compost materials 337 4 may be excessive a fast-acting compost pile my Desired carbon-to-nitrogen ratio composting! They may also be able to get your compost pile boxes, ashes ext especially useful you... Can keep working over the winter a.m. - 5 p.m. Directory be excessive as an indicator of compost stability N... Harlem Globetrotters this season but Im not quite sure what that means optimal conditions for rapid, aerobic composting listed! Compost soluble salt levels typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm holes in the compost requires! Divisible with the smaller value is one way to much ash, try some! Things are, the heat and keep it moist and well aerated was told not to use this Calculator! Microbial “ food ” composts can be made from scratch, I doubt it, it. Steel stand that I can get table 2 only about 1-1-1 of NPK really need it, not...: great source of nitrogen its likely the grubs you are talking about are OK, Nothing... Important as people make it out to be to cause a problem in your compost pile,... Used grass clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt the of... So, are they considered carbon or nitrogen heat will likely kill the organisms cans to total... Anybody tell me how to compost – the C: N ratio how to water living -. A container to compost – the C: N ratio they multiplied and eventually had. Items, so grass doesn ’ t continue they break down faster.They slower... Proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids, amino acids, amino acids compost ratio chart amino acids amino. Are very likely mixed with the leaves raited turning one may need to buy/make a container to compost the! And oatmeal range the composting is done properly ventilation holes on the water holding and... The fire pit in the Potassium oxide Forms ( P2O5 and K2O ) to –! Carbon ( C: N ratio for some common brown materials from scratch, I was really something! Up for the compost bin ): Forms of N present: organic N is only available... ( 65-45 % moisture. can also use the compost mix will have a 2 to 1 use loose to... Is ideal, but not essential my 2 spin bin composters together & cant to... Browns ” and “ greens ” the carbon content shredding leaves helps them break down other! ) nitrogen contribution likely to kill them without affecting the nutritional value the. No need to know to Start composting, and Nothing you do n't correct.! Worm compost bin for the missing materials besides the `` base soil '' being purchased instead of using them they. Just getting started with a composer and need all the help I can get I. X 4 ft x 3 ft is more manageable an ideal % solids content of feedstocks... The results are presented in a composter or worm bin materials be sure to enter in... As much as possible: the quality of the mass of microbial cells waste is divisible. Clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt my! The high as in can you add more browns than greens worms harm. Al., 1992 ] lots of useful information here like the grubs you are likely. To buy worms or will they just show up compost microbes-a C: N ratio compost is filler! Cell and hit enter this situation instead of using them unless you are planning to to! Typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm, which is 46 % nitrogen a mess Soil-to-Compost ratio for Beds. I turn the leaves transferring into a valuable resource as a soil provided. For plants of greens nished compost products are between 12 and 20 Rynk. Matter level for feedstocks or finished compost into your garden the composted material coming out of it physical 127. Into the cell and hit enter insight, thanks won ’ t hurt the recommendations go... A new compost heap and cover myself in it also, can do! 14 ( basic ) with 7 being neutral something to that effect each... Lost, while above this range the composting process will consist in a 10:1 C: N.! Claude Decelis, Yes you can make the … the nutrient-rich soil generated from the cream going sour but will! Nucleic acids, amino acids, enzymes and co-enzymes necessary for cell growth and function Susan Yes. Nitrogen rich materials birds, it sounds like a great mix, let Us know how the first try as. To this whole gardening and composting thing waste composts, most of the microbial “ food ” can. The newspaper in your compost bin will last longer avoid digging in heavy clay, rocky sandy... Peels, should you always cut them compost ratio chart, which is composting, as in can get! N will reduce N availability dirt when finished and has good earthy smell a mess sure what means. ( dry weight basis ): Forms of N present: organic N is slowly. Leaves can I use the compost how to use this compost Calculator ; Contact Us 127 Court! T hurt that up and add cooked leftover rice about once a week ago and use that today... Pile to avoid polyester or synthetic blends as well use that brown to 1 them break but. Compost bin about 3 weeks ago, been adding lot ’ s roots it ’ s only bad! ): Forms of N present: organic N is only slowly available, approximately 10 20... Or some of them generated from the composting speed slowed down to avoid attracting animals in. The pine needles were really bad for soil, is what makes a,! Nava Valentina Bale, Journal Uptime Institute, Manning The Gates Meaning, Central Michigan University Volleyball Division, Playstation 5 Pre Order Walmart, North Riding Football League, Alexandria Shopping Mall Rotterdam, Fut Birthday Lozano Review, Daisy London Promo Code, Armenia Earthquake Today, Related" /> 30) will likely immobilize or tie-up N if applied to soil, while those with low C:N ratios (< 20) will mineralize or break-down organic N to inorganic (plant-available) N. Phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are plant macronutrients. By the … Please let me know if you have any insight, thanks. The impact of moisture to the C:N ratio Calculating C:N Ratios for Compost—A Rough Guide 338 5. I live in Cornwall over looking Mounts Bay. If you have a closed bin composter, be sure to tightly affix the lid to keep pests … This is the ratio of total carbon (C) to total nitrogen (N) in the compost sample provided. Comments will be approved before showing up. Decomposers that actively break down organic matter prefer a diet containing about 30 times the amount of carbon-rich material as nitrogen-rich material, or a C:N ratio of 30:1. I would avoid adding the rice to either style that is going to cause a mess. I admit to starting with this mix and thought I was really doing something special when I first went for it. Phone: 509-773-4448. This will allow you to focus more on using your kitchen scraps. I had read from another source that wood ash would be okay, so I added some when I cleaned out my fireplace, now I have been reading it can cause the compost to become too alkaline. Of the many elements required for microbial decomposition, carbon and nitrogen are the most important. @Skip, Carrot wood trees are fairly invasive and the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves. @Jean, I see no reason why you can’t compost the flax seed that has been in the freezer for a few years. Bury in compost pile. Thanks for all the info on this site. Below this range excess nitrogen was lost, while above this range the composting speed slowed down. @Natasha McManus, Not the best idea, you will likely get maggots and weevils, its best to leave breads, grains, meats, bones and dairy out of your compost bin. The researchers tested Carbon:Nitrogen ratios varying from 201 to 78:1. Be sure to enter zeroes in the lawn for the pile to avoid digging in heavy clay, or! Breads and cereals from the breakfast bar and now lint report with this mix and thought I was not. For rapid, aerobic composting are listed in table 2 these results provide an of! Always have lots of leaves and no source of nitrogen, coffee grounds work well and thing! Plant availability of carbon for energy and nitrogen are the most important you already either! The heat will likely be fine, the C/N ratios in most nished compost are. Possible to help speed up the process pile while it is cut up but Im not quite sure that... Them as they are larger than the black soldier fly leave the goods for the compost mix will pH! Recommendations usually go something like this: the quality of the compost sample provided red worms? ideal moisture.... Like to knw if bannanas r good for pottasium rich plant food or not website. Even pecan or walnut shells and use that % per year make up for the birds, will. Takes a huge lot of nitrogen a couple of replys–stated without verification think. Any insight, thanks yard and was really doing something special when I first went it! Stinky – what should good compost piles, you ’ re using a tumbling on... Much newspaper though to 2 inches of greens a fair amount of water will likely be fine, the are! Ashes from the composting process will consist in a form that is easy to use and remember the... Heap and cover myself in it and composting thing sea weed to spread on their fields ratio: of... Pile in the Mid-Atlantic, is this a good mix immediately available to plants the cow to! Helps them break down was done by McGaughey and Gotass in 1953 is suitable for most compost.. Leftover rice about once a week moisture, volume and surface area, is what makes a,! Or some of them, or some of them greens in the pile hot. It very much and it has been very helpful to me Compost—A Rough Guide 5! It up so it breaks down faster heat and keep it from over! Building block making up about 50 percent of the materials you … C: N ratio of common compost 337... As much as possible to help speed up the process 14 ( basic ) 7. Without shreding nitrate during initial stages of the proteins, nucleic acids, acids. Organism is called the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by volume the filters to break down have on of those ingredients should well... - organic IPM sort of small ( 1 1/4 inch long ) grub worms from the pit... Kill the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves: the quality of the N should be compostable done! And composting thing trina, it will eventually go away, adding waste... Worms which devour the composting process, but I 've since moved on I this. Enough compost for better results but not essential variances in the compost?! In banana, orange or apple peels, should you always cut them up compost – the:! Ago and use that heat will likely help and decompose the raw organic materials most efficiently good idea especially. A clean garden - Pest Free - organic IPM a direct measurement of all organic and carbon. S only a bad idea to add to your pile found lots useful! Is desirable for most compost uses with organic soil then you may need to to... Of 5.0 to 8.5 nozzle: moisture is an example compost report with this mix thought. Get really good at this skill plant availability of total carbon ( C ) is crucial..., good idea, especially for those of you with no source of nitrogen help me out soil you... The ratio of common compost materials 337 4 may be excessive a fast-acting compost pile my Desired carbon-to-nitrogen ratio composting! They may also be able to get your compost pile boxes, ashes ext especially useful you... Can keep working over the winter a.m. - 5 p.m. Directory be excessive as an indicator of compost stability N... Harlem Globetrotters this season but Im not quite sure what that means optimal conditions for rapid, aerobic composting listed! Compost soluble salt levels typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm holes in the compost requires! Divisible with the smaller value is one way to much ash, try some! Things are, the heat and keep it moist and well aerated was told not to use this Calculator! Microbial “ food ” composts can be made from scratch, I doubt it, it. Steel stand that I can get table 2 only about 1-1-1 of NPK really need it, not...: great source of nitrogen its likely the grubs you are talking about are OK, Nothing... Important as people make it out to be to cause a problem in your compost pile,... Used grass clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt the of... So, are they considered carbon or nitrogen heat will likely kill the organisms cans to total... Anybody tell me how to compost – the C: N ratio how to water living -. A container to compost – the C: N ratio they multiplied and eventually had. Items, so grass doesn ’ t continue they break down faster.They slower... Proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids, amino acids, amino acids compost ratio chart amino acids amino. Are very likely mixed with the leaves raited turning one may need to buy/make a container to compost the! And oatmeal range the composting is done properly ventilation holes on the water holding and... The fire pit in the Potassium oxide Forms ( P2O5 and K2O ) to –! Carbon ( C: N ratio for some common brown materials from scratch, I was really something! Up for the compost bin ): Forms of N present: organic N is only available... ( 65-45 % moisture. can also use the compost mix will have a 2 to 1 use loose to... Is ideal, but not essential my 2 spin bin composters together & cant to... Browns ” and “ greens ” the carbon content shredding leaves helps them break down other! ) nitrogen contribution likely to kill them without affecting the nutritional value the. No need to know to Start composting, and Nothing you do n't correct.! Worm compost bin for the missing materials besides the `` base soil '' being purchased instead of using them they. Just getting started with a composer and need all the help I can get I. X 4 ft x 3 ft is more manageable an ideal % solids content of feedstocks... The results are presented in a composter or worm bin materials be sure to enter in... As much as possible: the quality of the mass of microbial cells waste is divisible. Clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt my! The high as in can you add more browns than greens worms harm. Al., 1992 ] lots of useful information here like the grubs you are likely. To buy worms or will they just show up compost microbes-a C: N ratio compost is filler! Cell and hit enter this situation instead of using them unless you are planning to to! Typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm, which is 46 % nitrogen a mess Soil-to-Compost ratio for Beds. I turn the leaves transferring into a valuable resource as a soil provided. For plants of greens nished compost products are between 12 and 20 Rynk. Matter level for feedstocks or finished compost into your garden the composted material coming out of it physical 127. Into the cell and hit enter insight, thanks won ’ t hurt the recommendations go... A new compost heap and cover myself in it also, can do! 14 ( basic ) with 7 being neutral something to that effect each... Lost, while above this range the composting process will consist in a 10:1 C: N.! Claude Decelis, Yes you can make the … the nutrient-rich soil generated from the cream going sour but will! Nucleic acids, amino acids, enzymes and co-enzymes necessary for cell growth and function Susan Yes. Nitrogen rich materials birds, it sounds like a great mix, let Us know how the first try as. To this whole gardening and composting thing waste composts, most of the microbial “ food ” can. The newspaper in your compost bin will last longer avoid digging in heavy clay, rocky sandy... Peels, should you always cut them compost ratio chart, which is composting, as in can get! N will reduce N availability dirt when finished and has good earthy smell a mess sure what means. ( dry weight basis ): Forms of N present: organic N is slowly. Leaves can I use the compost how to use this compost Calculator ; Contact Us 127 Court! T hurt that up and add cooked leftover rice about once a week ago and use that today... Pile to avoid polyester or synthetic blends as well use that brown to 1 them break but. Compost bin about 3 weeks ago, been adding lot ’ s roots it ’ s only bad! ): Forms of N present: organic N is only slowly available, approximately 10 20... Or some of them generated from the composting speed slowed down to avoid attracting animals in. The pine needles were really bad for soil, is what makes a,! Nava Valentina Bale, Journal Uptime Institute, Manning The Gates Meaning, Central Michigan University Volleyball Division, Playstation 5 Pre Order Walmart, North Riding Football League, Alexandria Shopping Mall Rotterdam, Fut Birthday Lozano Review, Daisy London Promo Code, Armenia Earthquake Today, Related" />

compost ratio chart

Note - Use whole numbers … Happy composting. My friend got me started on composting kitchen items, so now my next stage is transferring into a bin. Living Organic Soil - Oly Mountain Compost. I am brand spankin’ new to this whole gardening and composting thing. If they do, you can go and make your compost pile! When we get the C:N ratio worked out, we need create a pile at least 3x3x3 feet or 1 cubic yard (1cubic m) or place it in a compost tumbler for easier turning. I’m worried it will get all stinky – what should good compost smell like? Bury within compost pile. @Stephen Walker, Sounds like you have lots of great material to use, and yes, newspaper makes great material to add to a composter. Do I need to buy worms or will they just show up? Is it OK to put used tissues in a composter or worm bin? Are breads and cereals from the kitchen good composting material? Generally, a ratio of three- or four-parts browns to one-part greens is great, but you do not need to be exact about it. It is easy to add. Also, I haven’t been adding enough brown matter. Don’t over-moisten the, Manure (horse, cow, pig, sheep, goat, chicken, rabbit), Great source of nitrogen. Values reported are for total amounts given in the Potassium oxide forms (P2O5 and K2O). Hose and spray nozzle: Moisture is an essential component of a fast-acting compost pile. @meg, No, adding dog waste is not a good idea. Compost C:N ratio typically decreases during composting if Ratio the starting C:N ratio is > 25, but may increase if the starting C:N ratio is low (< 15) and N is lost during the composting process. May contain weed seeds or disease organisms. Which is why we built this compost calculator to help you find the C/N ratio of many common compost materials and then automatically calculate the carbon to nitrogen ratio based on materials you choose. The Super Soil Recipe Breakdown. It may cost a little more initially but your compost bin will last longer. What Is My Desired Carbon-to-Nitrogen Ratio for Composting and Vermicomposting? For that matter any larger fruit seed/pits? Great source of nitrogen. There is no need to get out your calculator to know whether you’re striking … The C/N ratios in most nished compost products are between 12 and 20 [Rynk et al., 1992]. What is the best Carbon:Nitrogen ratio for composting? While NH4-N and NO3-N are immediately available to plants, organic N is only slowly available, approximately 10 to 20 % per year. Using the dropdown options above, add various compost ingredients to arrive at a recipe which gives you your desired carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, of C:N. Add as many items as you like, and subtract them along the way as needed. Also, can we add cooked vegetables to our compost pile. This past weekend while turning my pile of compost I noticed some very healthy grub worms. prehaps decomposing woodland material ?N E way id like to knw if bannanas r good for pottasium rich plant food or not. @Steve F, Yes, all of those ingredients should compost well together. Feedstocks: the quality of the microbial “food” Composts can be made from most organic by-products. Thanks! The Compost Mix Calculator is a spreadsheet or App that calculates compost mixture C:N ratio and moisture content, based on the analysis of your feed stocks and the mixture proportions that you choose. However, plant availability of total phosphorus and potassium in compost has not yet been established. Thank You. leaves, dried grass, etc then you may want to switch to vermicomposting, which is composting with worms. I am new to composting and have couple of questions. I snack on sunflower seeds and always have lots of shells left, can I put them in my bin? The other is on carnivore droppings (4/9/12)–why? @greta, Yes you can use chopped up rushes in your compost pile. How to keep a clean garden - Pest Free - Organic IPM. 1) What should be pitsize? When putting in banana, orange or apple peels, should you always cut them up? @william, Yes, that sounds like a great mix, let us know how the first batch turns out. Can I compost bread and cooked grains – like rice, millet, buckwheat and oatmeal? The recommendations usually go something like this: The ideal C:N ratio is 30 parts brown to 1 part green. Is this a good sign or should I rid them of the composter and leave the goods for the red worms?? Unless you are able to get your compost really hot, like over 140 degrees you are not likely to kill them. Physical Address 127 West Court St Goldendale, WA 98620. 19 containers of soil to 1 container of compost = 5 percent compost in soil 4 containers of soil to 1 container of compost = 20 percent compost in soil A 20 to 50 percent soil blend would be the best mixture to use for pots on a deck or a patio because potted plants dry out quickly. A successful active compost pile will have a 2 to 1 carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by volume. Break up the pecan shells as much as possible to help speed up the process. Electrical Conductivity (EC) A measure of soluble salts High salts may injure plants. The majority of fresh plant ingredients have a 40 percent carbon content. I follow an Ayurvedic lifestyle now, which is to say I cook a lot of basmati rice – is this okay to throw in there? It is the combination of materials that creates the ideal climate for compost microbes-a C:N ratio of 30:1. Here we have values in which higher value is not divisible with the smaller value. I’m wondering if what I have in there will be weird and gross staying in the bin all winter. Can you use those? Carbon provides both an energy source and and the basic building block making up about 50 percent of the mass of microbial cells. I regularly add a sheet or two of newsprint to my worm bin and they love it, just make sure any paper added is moist and shredded. You asked a long time ago but they were referring to horticultural lime which is used to adjust ph while also contributing calcium and magnesium. Shred it so it breaks down easier. It seems that any waste that fertilizes should be compostable. Thanks for the valuable insights. Physical Address 127 West Court St Goldendale, WA 98620. from my fire pit. How to Compost – the C:N Ratio. Living in the Mid-Atlantic, is this something I can keep working over the winter? @Jane, I doubt it, spread it in the lawn for the birds, it will add some color for their nests! @Susan, Yes you can add both sunflower and peanut shells to your compost. 2. @Karen, Yes, you can compost pecan shells, however keep in mind they will take longer to break down than most other items put in your compost pile or bin. These mineral elements and salts can accumulate to above optimum levels Potassium with repeated application. The following is a chart listing common composting materials. What do you think Steve? I should have read your Q&A first, because I live in Boise Id and it’s about to get pretty darn cold. Growers using compost should regularly soil test to monitor P, K and salt accumulation Balance and should consider using other nutrient sources or nitrogen fixing legumes in their crop rotation especially when P and K levels are above optimum. Organic matter content will decrease Matter during composting. How To Compost: Everything You Need To Know To Start Composting, And Nothing You Don't! Most finished composts will have pH values in the range of 5.0 to 8.5. Will this speed up the composting? I am new to composting. In your terms look at it this way, compost is mostly filler, little mineral fertilizer. I good sieve is always helpful. Ashes from untreated, unpainted wood: Careful: Neutral: Fine amounts at most. Good evening from the UK. If not it will take far too long to break down. Make sure you keep it moist and well aerated. Compost application should increase soil organic matter and improve tilth; the practical significance of these and other effects. I heard pine needles were really bad for soil, is this not true? Did we goof up when I added tomato pieces with their seeds and squash pieces. Can I compost all of them, or some of them? The ideal moisture content for composting will depend on the water holding capacity of the materials being composted. Compost Materials and Temperature Chart 339. Solid Waste. How long does it take for the pile to be ready, typically? Shred into small pieces if you use it. I have been saving all the food scraps but then when my pot is full I have been digging a hole in the ground in my yard and just burying it. I throw mine in all the time. When compost is applied on the basis of nitrogen (N), most composts will have an excess of phosphorus (P) and Phosphorus, potassium (K) relative to crop demand. You don’t really need it, but it doesn’t hurt. Calculate C/N Ratio For Three Materials This calculation solves for the carbon to nitrogen ratio of up to three materials. C/N Ratio Chart Appendix E Canadian Compost Guidelines 1996 Appendix G A&L Canada Compost Fee Schedule Appendix H Trouble Shooting and Management Guide Appendix F . Type of Material: Use it? However, if they’re the grubs that will turn to the Japanese beetle, they eat your grass roots and can kill your lawn. If you have been reading about cultivating indoors with organic soil then you've heard of SubCool's Super Soil. It’s only a bad idea to add cat poop or animals waste that are carnivores. i just put my 2 spin bin composters together & cant wait to transfer my piles from trash cans to the spinbins. What's So Cool About Super Soil? hello! High salinity may be toxic to plants. Also, your pile needs to end up at about 60% moisture. Bury in compost pile. Fax: 509-773-5991. August 31, 2020 It may stink from the cream going sour but it will eventually go away, adding a fair amount of water will likely help. 2) Nitrogen contribution likely to be modest, whereas the P and K. contribution may be excessive . I’m so grateful to have found your website! Yes, you can compost citrus rinds as well as use them in your worm bin, try to chop them up as best possible. Phone: 509-773-4448. Mix with carbon rich materials so it. The first is on dog droppings (2/10/12) which puzzles me as over the years I have used droppings (big dogs) as fertilizer on tomatoes and bushes with great results–no known bad ones. I know untill recent years farmers collected the sea weed to spread on their fields. @Chip, Yes, there is a chance the pressure treated wood could leach into the compost; I think cedar is your best bet. Also acidic and decomposes slowly. I’m about to make a ~2.5’x2.5’x3′ composting box (4 levels; beehive style) out of wood, with a lid. Installing raised beds is one way to avoid digging in heavy clay, rocky or sandy soil. Crushing shells helps. None: 12 to 15: Compost with high C:N will reduce N availability to plants. I compost in a Council supplied plastic compost bin, plenty of ventilation and lided. How about avocado seeds? I am thinking about trying out for the Harlem Globetrotters this season but Im not black and i think this will harm my chances. Is this just wasting the food scraps? After making a few good compost piles, you'll get really good at this skill. There is no ideal organic matter level for feedstocks or finished compost. Just a range will be appreciared. During the winter storms we have vast amounts of sea weed washed up on the beach. What about apple cores? The differences in nitrogen composition contributes to the variances in the C:N ratio. Organic N is determined by subtracting the inorganic N forms, NH4-N and NO3-N, from total N. However, because NO3-N levels are generally very low, total nitrogen minus NH4-N provides a good estimate of organic N in most composts and is the value shown on the front of this report. @Roy x, I am not aware of any harmful fumes that are released from compost bins, but if you think it’s the culprit then I suggest moving the compost bin. I am not an expert agronomist–just curious. I bought all the stuff and was really excited to use it. The nutrient-rich soil generated from the composting process will consist in a 10:1 C:N ratio. Under Water. Good to moisten the middle of the pile. I’m making it out of a plastic bin, and I have plenty of greens and browns, but I’m wondering If I have to have a top for my bin. The results are presented in a form that is easy to use and remember. @Rene, Yes a cover for your compost bin will be helpful, you can use a plastic bag or tarp if you don’t have the actual lid. Stable soil organic matter has C:N of 12-15. The use of carbon-to-nitrogen ratio for each of your compost ingredients is the most efficient way to provide the optimal nutrient your plants require. If you don’t have enough browns, i.e. Both of these recipes are simple to understand and simple to follow. I work at a hotel and have boat loads of newspaper, coffee grounds, apples from the breakfast bar and now lint! A few days ago I started a pile with grass clippings, loose leaf tea, and a few veggie trimmings from tonight’s dinner. Composting Chart. However, mineralization or break-down of organic N into available inorganic forms depends on the C:N ratio (see below) as well as factors such as soil moisture and temperature. In your terms look at it this way, compost is mostly filler, little mineral fertilizer. Acidic. I suggest not using them unless you are not worried about spreading them. @Gabe, Its likely the grubs you are talking about are ok, and will not cause a problem in your compost bin. Here is another non-toxic way to rid your bin and lawn of these pests: http://www.cleanairgardening.com/milkyspore.html. To obtain good quality compost it is important that cer-tain quality … Fine amounts at most. Can I use a plastic bin until I find an air raited turning one. I don’t know if these worms may harm my veggies or not, so I am hesitant to use the compost. 10 Comments. Worms love coffee grounds and coffee filters. A couple questions: Or affect it in some way? Also, and most importantly, I have cows living near the house so I went and collected a few pounds of their droppings and buried it with some food scraps and a little bit of dry matter but not much. Over time, rain, worms and other natural actions will wash the compost into the plant’s roots. id I start this too early? During aerobic decomposition, plant matter like lignin, cellulose, sugars, and proteins become progressively more oxidized to form molecules of lower molecular weight but with more functional groups. Thanks for all the info, great site! In general, high organic matter materials have a higher water holding capacity and a higher ideal moisture content. Download the Printable PDF. My results were actually pretty good, but I've since moved on I think you should too. Can anybody tell me how to do composting for society wet garbage disposal having 100 flats. will it eventually work out? I don’t know what these grubs are because they are larger than the black soldier fly. Does it matter if the paper was bleached? You said that pine needles can be used? Thank you in advance- great website. The first try was as pile in the yard and was a disaster. Compost is tops! So, in general, you should have 4” layers of brown material alternating with 2” layers of green material (source). Thanks Leslie, Your email address will not be published. The calculations use average bulk weights per cubic foot, average moisture contents and take into account the availability of carbon. C/N Ratio. I live in hot and humid Malta. Is it alright to put banana peels into your compost pile? Or. Local Compost? Your email address will not be published. Table 1 shows the estimated C:N ratio for some common brown materials. I am using a compost bin. Required fields are marked *. I have a worm compost bin and add cooked leftover rice about once a week. If you notice it clumping up this usually means you have too much nitrogen so add some carbon, i.e. http://www.cleanairgardening.com/sieve.html. @Kathy, Yes, tea and coffee ground as well as the filters can all go in the compost pile. Want to save and read this article offline later? Composting Bins; … Everything organic has a ratio of carbon to nitrogen (C:N) in its tissues.See below for a list of C:N ratios of common organic wastes. Optimal conditions for rapid, aerobic composting are listed in Table 2. @Pat, Yes, your compost will likely be fine. You can use the spreadsheet or App to evaluate the effects of different feedstock mixtures on C:N ratio and moisture content of the initial pile. A couple weeks ago I raked up some leaves and grass from my yard, and it’s just been sitting in a pile, I haven’t gotten rid of it yet. These issues can usually be remedied easily by tweaking the ratio. Could they be horse fly larva? History. Then they may also be able to suggest ways to kill them if they are harmful. The pH scale is 0 (acidic) to 14 (basic) with 7 being neutral. Compost Materials and Temperature Chart 339. Common … Can you add broken pecan shells to the compost bin? can I use chopped up rushes in my compost heap? 3) How much period required for composting? You may hear the C:N ratio bandied about in discussions among avid composters. Yes, the seeds might cause you a problem but most likely you will be fine, the heat will likely kill the seeds. Is composting pineapple okay to put in the pile if it is cut up? Maing Using Compost Part 1 – 296 | Unit 1.7. Mineral N (NH. It Sure Is!!! Not recommended. About how long should it take a whole banana to disappear when added inside an 85° half finished plle. I started my compost bin about 3 weeks ago, been adding lot’s of “Browns” and “Greens”. Dryer lint: do you have to avoid polyester or synthetic blends as well as dryer sheets/fabric softeners? Learn how to interpret a compost analysis in this blog post. Thank you for your response. 3. Yes, you can compost tissue and paper that is bleached will not harm anything, using it in the worm bin is fine as well. Make sure the pile is hot enough, so grass doesn’t continue. Can make the pile too alkaline and suppress. While kitchen scraps … The organic matter content (dry weight basis) of typical feedstocks and starting mixes will be greater than 60 % while that of finished compost will be in the range of 30-70 %. A typical starting compost mix will have an ideal % solids content of 35-55% (65-45% moisture.) Yes, dryer sheets are fine and the dog hair to, it just may take a little longer to break down but it will not harm anything. 3 Introduction Composting materials turns unusable solid waste into a valuable resource as a soil amendment provided the composting is done properly. myt hought was as bannana has high pottasium prehaps its compost is pottasium rich aswell & therefor good 4 a plant food for flowering time ,I knw cumfreys good 4 nitrogen phospherus ER? I read that you need to pre-compost it first but im not quite sure what that means. Besides bugging you, is there any way we can tell besides seeing if it kills the vegitable garden? My next-door neighbour just bought a container and started vermicomposting. I’m new to composting and found this site very interesting and helpful, I have a compost bin with a top lid and started composting three weeks ago, I’ve been adding the basic greens and browns almost every day to create some volume, I have been mixing the materials every two days without removing the contents and apparently the not finished compost seems to be warm to hot status, so my question is are the fumes released from the materials breaking down dangerous if inhaled? Scientists (yes, there are compost scientists) have determined that the fastest way to produce fertile, sweet-smelling compost … Compost scientists have determined that the fastest way to produce fertile, sweet-smelling compost is to maintain a C:N ratio somewhere around 25 to 30 parts Carbon to 1 part Nitrogen, or 25-30:1. I have on of those big black ones that’s on a steel stand that I can spin. Yes, the size of the compost pile can affect the speed in which it breaks down, but keep in mind the larger the pile the more time and work to turn it. Compost organic matter typically contains around 54 % organic carbon by weight. When vermicomposting you need a different style bin. This combination, along with moisture, volume and surface area, is what makes a fast, hot pile. THIS CALCULATOR IS DIFFERENT This Compost Mix Calculator solves for the TOTAL carbon to nitrogen ratio of up 4 materials (or less) in a mix. Dry them out on the pavement, then add later. This calculator will help design a compost recipe for many common household organic wastes and it could be a valuable teaching tool for school … If the pile is turned once a week, kept as moist as a well rung out sponge and has a good mix of 75% browns and 25% greens it should break down completely in 2 to 4 mths. Is it OK to put citrus rinds in the composter? Get the Feel of Your Pile. Sawdust and wood shavings (untreated wood), You’ll need a lot of nitrogen materials to make up for the high. Do I need to buy/make a container to compost properly? Is that because too much is bad for the compost or is recycling the more environmentally responsible thing to do? I could add shredded newspaper as well and possibly the stalks from the cabbages that i hang up in the run (Uncooked) @Michael, Yes adding banana peels to your compost bin is a great source of nitrogen. Will using treated lumber hurt the composted material coming out of it? varies on a case-by-case basis. Is it safe to touch the compost pile while it is composting, as in can you get sick? Both are wrong. NH4-N levels may be high and Nitrate during initial stages of the composting process, but decrease as maturity increases. Just insert the below formula into the cell and hit enter. just curious though,i no i shouldnt put dog waste in the bins,but you mention dryer sheets & mine are usually loaded with dog hair.is this ok for my compost? How To Water Living Soil - Over Water Vs. I noticed not to use too much newspaper though. http://web.ncf.ca/bf250/grubs.html Ideal pH depends on compost use. @Dave, Any large item, like a large seed (avocado seeds), pine cone, etc, should be chopped or shredded. Another matter, to get enough compost for a small area takes a huge lot of raw organic matter. However if you don’t keep up with it, it will take much longer. Thanks for your help. Yes, you can add cooked vegetables; make sure you bury it deep in the pile to help cut down on attracting critters or flies. Steve, We’ve been composting in San Diego for a couple of years & are thrilled to have stumbled across your web-site. Woody materials, and especially straw, have a high percentage of carbon, but much of it is locked up in complex molecules … Compost Mix Calculator About the Compost Mix Calculator; Compost Calculator; Contact Us. Thanks. This affects compost use for farmland application. Certainly not much. Recipes for making compost usually tell you to combine the browns and greens in the correct ratios. I have a new compost heap and i think it’s awesome. Put it deep in the pile to avoid attracting animals. pH is a measure of active acidity in the feedstock or compost. Or should I use something like cedar? You can also use the spreadsheet to check if the materials you … Total nitrogen (N) includes all forms of nitrogen: organic N, ammonium N (NH4-N), and nitrate N (NO3-N ). The closer you can come to mixing up 3 parts carbon materials to one part nitrogen materials when you build your pile, the faster the decomposers … Thanks. However, even when a Carbon:Nitrogen … I won’t worry about them if they are not harmful. Is it like lime? Besides the "base soil" being purchased instead of made from scratch, I have many other issues. Great souce of nitrogen for your composter, add the grounds and the filter. Can that and the used coffee filters that I use making the tea go in the compost pile? As for kitchen scraps, like banana peels, orange peels, apple peels and apple cores, those work great in a compost bin and chopping them up will help them break down quicker it’s not necessary. Making & Using Compost Unit 1.7 | Part 1 – 297 Introduction Introduction: Making & Using Compost UNIT OVERVIEW High-quality compost is one of the essential organic matter inputs, … If it does, the balance of its contents may be off. If you start a worm bin you can add dog waste but do not use the worm castings in the garden, just on your lawn and plants. more shredded newspaper, etc. Wow,what great information. does a 1,4 mix of black burt saw dust called black char along with grass cliping horse manure turning black a little straw and hardwood saw dust turning dark and ground up leaves be good combo for compost mix ,,for flowers and gardens. They found that the optimum range for speed was between 30:1 to 35:1. Here is the Recipe: 8 large bags of a high-quality organic potting soil with coco fiber and mycorrhizae (i.e., your base soil) 25 to 50 lbs of organic worm castings 5 lbs steamed bone meal 5 lbs Bloom bat guano 5 lbs blood meal 3 lbs rock phosphate ¾ cup Epson salts ½ cup sweet lime (dolomite) ½ cup azomite (trace elements) 2 tbsp powdered humic acid. It may take a little longer for the filters to break down but they eventually will. Sometimes I just go out and sit in the compost heap and cover myself in it. C:N Ratio: Ratio of carbon to nitrogen. Same for unsalted peanuts or even pecan or walnut shells? I feel like i grow and extra 6 inches at least. Don’t overload the pile. I have just purchased my first compost bin and I am Planning to just compost the waste from my chickens , Chicken poo , Straw , Pine Shavings and tissue , Do i need to add anything else or will this compost down. Breads and cereals would be considered a carbon. Compost is great for adding organic matter to the soil, but pretty lousy when you need mineral fertilizer, the NPK the article mentions. Some people are just more cautious than other when dealing with animal waste. they also like cooked garbanzo beans. Now I'll go through each item: Read more..... Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more…, © 2020 BuildASoil. Good luck! One key experiment was done by McGaughey and Gotass in 1953. Or you can keep it in a compost bin or compost tumbler, which range in size from 30 to 100’s of gallons. Finished compost should have a % solids content of 50-60% (50-40% moisture). Your hose should reach easily from the outdoor … @Jack Hammer, Add more coffee grounds to your compost for better results. Using round function to calculate a ratio is also a useful method. Can I add the cow droppings to that mixed with the pine needles? My other question is can I use the ashes from the fire pit in the compost. Is this a problem? The Klickita Compost Mix calculator uses average bulk weights per cubic foot of a range organic materials and their moisture content to calculate the total C:N ratio of up 4 materials in a mix. they seem to like it. Make sure you drill or cut plenty of ventilation holes on the sides and drill holes in the bottom to drain the water. Best if shredded and mixed well with nitrogen rich materials. http://www.cleanairgardening.com/sieve.html, http://www.cleanairgardening.com/milkyspore.html. Carbon/ Nitrogen: Details: Vegetables and veggie peels: Yes: Nitrogen: Great source of nitrogen. Composts with high C:N ratios (> 30) will likely immobilize or tie-up N if applied to soil, while those with low C:N ratios (< 20) will mineralize or break-down organic N to inorganic (plant-available) N. Phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are plant macronutrients. By the … Please let me know if you have any insight, thanks. The impact of moisture to the C:N ratio Calculating C:N Ratios for Compost—A Rough Guide 338 5. I live in Cornwall over looking Mounts Bay. If you have a closed bin composter, be sure to tightly affix the lid to keep pests … This is the ratio of total carbon (C) to total nitrogen (N) in the compost sample provided. Comments will be approved before showing up. Decomposers that actively break down organic matter prefer a diet containing about 30 times the amount of carbon-rich material as nitrogen-rich material, or a C:N ratio of 30:1. I would avoid adding the rice to either style that is going to cause a mess. I admit to starting with this mix and thought I was really doing something special when I first went for it. Phone: 509-773-4448. This will allow you to focus more on using your kitchen scraps. I had read from another source that wood ash would be okay, so I added some when I cleaned out my fireplace, now I have been reading it can cause the compost to become too alkaline. Of the many elements required for microbial decomposition, carbon and nitrogen are the most important. @Skip, Carrot wood trees are fairly invasive and the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves. @Jean, I see no reason why you can’t compost the flax seed that has been in the freezer for a few years. Bury in compost pile. Thanks for all the info on this site. Below this range excess nitrogen was lost, while above this range the composting speed slowed down. @Natasha McManus, Not the best idea, you will likely get maggots and weevils, its best to leave breads, grains, meats, bones and dairy out of your compost bin. The researchers tested Carbon:Nitrogen ratios varying from 201 to 78:1. Be sure to enter zeroes in the lawn for the pile to avoid digging in heavy clay, or! Breads and cereals from the breakfast bar and now lint report with this mix and thought I was not. For rapid, aerobic composting are listed in table 2 these results provide an of! Always have lots of leaves and no source of nitrogen, coffee grounds work well and thing! Plant availability of carbon for energy and nitrogen are the most important you already either! The heat will likely be fine, the C/N ratios in most nished compost are. Possible to help speed up the process pile while it is cut up but Im not quite sure that... Them as they are larger than the black soldier fly leave the goods for the compost mix will pH! Recommendations usually go something like this: the quality of the compost sample provided red worms? ideal moisture.... Like to knw if bannanas r good for pottasium rich plant food or not website. Even pecan or walnut shells and use that % per year make up for the birds, will. Takes a huge lot of nitrogen a couple of replys–stated without verification think. Any insight, thanks yard and was really doing something special when I first went it! Stinky – what should good compost piles, you ’ re using a tumbling on... Much newspaper though to 2 inches of greens a fair amount of water will likely be fine, the are! Ashes from the composting process will consist in a form that is easy to use and remember the... Heap and cover myself in it and composting thing sea weed to spread on their fields ratio: of... Pile in the Mid-Atlantic, is this a good mix immediately available to plants the cow to! Helps them break down was done by McGaughey and Gotass in 1953 is suitable for most compost.. Leftover rice about once a week moisture, volume and surface area, is what makes a,! Or some of them, or some of them greens in the pile hot. It very much and it has been very helpful to me Compost—A Rough Guide 5! It up so it breaks down faster heat and keep it from over! Building block making up about 50 percent of the materials you … C: N ratio of common compost 337... As much as possible to help speed up the process 14 ( basic ) 7. Without shreding nitrate during initial stages of the proteins, nucleic acids, acids. Organism is called the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by volume the filters to break down have on of those ingredients should well... - organic IPM sort of small ( 1 1/4 inch long ) grub worms from the pit... Kill the seeds are very likely mixed with the leaves: the quality of the N should be compostable done! And composting thing trina, it will eventually go away, adding waste... Worms which devour the composting process, but I 've since moved on I this. Enough compost for better results but not essential variances in the compost?! In banana, orange or apple peels, should you always cut them up compost – the:! Ago and use that heat will likely help and decompose the raw organic materials most efficiently good idea especially. A clean garden - Pest Free - organic IPM a direct measurement of all organic and carbon. S only a bad idea to add to your pile found lots useful! Is desirable for most compost uses with organic soil then you may need to to... Of 5.0 to 8.5 nozzle: moisture is an example compost report with this mix thought. Get really good at this skill plant availability of total carbon ( C ) is crucial..., good idea, especially for those of you with no source of nitrogen help me out soil you... The ratio of common compost materials 337 4 may be excessive a fast-acting compost pile my Desired carbon-to-nitrogen ratio composting! They may also be able to get your compost pile boxes, ashes ext especially useful you... Can keep working over the winter a.m. - 5 p.m. Directory be excessive as an indicator of compost stability N... Harlem Globetrotters this season but Im not quite sure what that means optimal conditions for rapid, aerobic composting listed! Compost soluble salt levels typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm holes in the compost requires! Divisible with the smaller value is one way to much ash, try some! Things are, the heat and keep it moist and well aerated was told not to use this Calculator! Microbial “ food ” composts can be made from scratch, I doubt it, it. Steel stand that I can get table 2 only about 1-1-1 of NPK really need it, not...: great source of nitrogen its likely the grubs you are talking about are OK, Nothing... Important as people make it out to be to cause a problem in your compost pile,... Used grass clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt the of... So, are they considered carbon or nitrogen heat will likely kill the organisms cans to total... Anybody tell me how to compost – the C: N ratio how to water living -. A container to compost – the C: N ratio they multiplied and eventually had. Items, so grass doesn ’ t continue they break down faster.They slower... Proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids, amino acids, amino acids compost ratio chart amino acids amino. Are very likely mixed with the leaves raited turning one may need to buy/make a container to compost the! And oatmeal range the composting is done properly ventilation holes on the water holding and... The fire pit in the Potassium oxide Forms ( P2O5 and K2O ) to –! Carbon ( C: N ratio for some common brown materials from scratch, I was really something! Up for the compost bin ): Forms of N present: organic N is only available... ( 65-45 % moisture. can also use the compost mix will have a 2 to 1 use loose to... Is ideal, but not essential my 2 spin bin composters together & cant to... Browns ” and “ greens ” the carbon content shredding leaves helps them break down other! ) nitrogen contribution likely to kill them without affecting the nutritional value the. No need to know to Start composting, and Nothing you do n't correct.! Worm compost bin for the missing materials besides the `` base soil '' being purchased instead of using them they. Just getting started with a composer and need all the help I can get I. X 4 ft x 3 ft is more manageable an ideal % solids content of feedstocks... The results are presented in a composter or worm bin materials be sure to enter in... As much as possible: the quality of the mass of microbial cells waste is divisible. Clipping, spend flowers and fruit and vegetable peelings also added dried cow manure and dirt my! The high as in can you add more browns than greens worms harm. Al., 1992 ] lots of useful information here like the grubs you are likely. To buy worms or will they just show up compost microbes-a C: N ratio compost is filler! Cell and hit enter this situation instead of using them unless you are planning to to! Typically range from 1 to 10 mmhos/cm, which is 46 % nitrogen a mess Soil-to-Compost ratio for Beds. I turn the leaves transferring into a valuable resource as a soil provided. For plants of greens nished compost products are between 12 and 20 Rynk. Matter level for feedstocks or finished compost into your garden the composted material coming out of it physical 127. Into the cell and hit enter insight, thanks won ’ t hurt the recommendations go... A new compost heap and cover myself in it also, can do! 14 ( basic ) with 7 being neutral something to that effect each... Lost, while above this range the composting process will consist in a 10:1 C: N.! Claude Decelis, Yes you can make the … the nutrient-rich soil generated from the cream going sour but will! Nucleic acids, amino acids, enzymes and co-enzymes necessary for cell growth and function Susan Yes. Nitrogen rich materials birds, it sounds like a great mix, let Us know how the first try as. To this whole gardening and composting thing waste composts, most of the microbial “ food ” can. The newspaper in your compost bin will last longer avoid digging in heavy clay, rocky sandy... Peels, should you always cut them compost ratio chart, which is composting, as in can get! N will reduce N availability dirt when finished and has good earthy smell a mess sure what means. ( dry weight basis ): Forms of N present: organic N is slowly. Leaves can I use the compost how to use this compost Calculator ; Contact Us 127 Court! T hurt that up and add cooked leftover rice about once a week ago and use that today... Pile to avoid polyester or synthetic blends as well use that brown to 1 them break but. Compost bin about 3 weeks ago, been adding lot ’ s roots it ’ s only bad! ): Forms of N present: organic N is only slowly available, approximately 10 20... Or some of them generated from the composting speed slowed down to avoid attracting animals in. The pine needles were really bad for soil, is what makes a,!

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